In the early centuries of the Christian era the Mons were settled in the region between the Sitthaung and Salween (Thanlwin) rivers, which was known as the Mon kingdom of Ramanyadesa. Thaton, the seat of this kingdom was also known as Suvannabhumi or the Golden Land, which also applies to the whole region of continental southeast Asia around the Bay of Bengal. Doubtless Thaton was flourishing port in ancient days and there was constant intercourse between Southern India and the region around Thaton and Pegu (Bago). The old city of Thaton appears to have built on a quadrangular plan like the more modern cities of Amarapura and Mandalay. There are two ramparts in a rectangular shape and the moat lies between the two walls, which are faced with laterite stones. As the present town is developed within the old city the remains of the inner city are no more visible. The chief pagodas are situated between the palace site and the south wall.


Shwezayan Pagoda

The Shwezayan pagoda is said that have been built in the 5th century B.C. It has been rebuilt over and over again by kings. At present days, it is a shape with a circular base and a bell-shaped superstructure. Within the precincts of the Shwezayan pagoda can be found seven inscribed stones, five in early Mon of 11th century, one medieval and the seventh illegible. Among the stone sculptures, there is a figure of standing Buddha depicted in relief on a sandstone slab.

Kyaikhtee Saung Pagoda (An ancient Laterite Stone Pagoda)

It is the one of the earliest hair relic pagoda in Mon State. Kyaikhtee Saung Pagoda is located on the Laterite Stone hillock. The hillock itself is formed by laying the laterite stones on top of one another forming a big square gradually grind up keeping the form but reducing the size of square intact until it reaches the top platform. At 1971 the monk U Pyinnyadipa (Now, he is the abbot of the monastery and famous as Kyaikhtee Saung Sayadaw) has arrived back his native village Zoke Thoke. He himself found the old pagoda under the huge bushes. He organized his disciples and villagers to clear the bushes. Then he renovated the old pagoda and old laterite hillock. Now, the Kyaikhtee Saung Golden Pagoda has appeared surrounded by the new buildings for the religious purposes.

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